Introduction of Flood Tolerant Rice Strain in flood affected areas of China and Pakistan
Rice is the major staple food for more than half of the world population and 90% of it is being produced and consumed in Asia. It is the major crop in most flood- prone areas of South and South-East Asia. Flash flood or submergence is a common phenomenon in mainly lowland areas, subject to monsoon rains, seriously affecting crop establishment as well as survival, leading to severe yield losses. It imposes a complex abiotic stress in flood-prone ecosystem, because it substantially reduces crop stand, especially if it occurs during early vegetative stage and prolongs for more than a week.
There is no flood tolerant Varieties of rice in the World that can withstand flooding condition for longer duration. 20 million hectares of land in the world is considered as flood prone areas where none of the existing rice varieties can be grown leading to the loss of 1 billion US$ per year. China alone has more than 7 million hectare land under flood prone condition with economic loss of US$ 0.365 million per year.
Pakistan has developed a flood tolerant variety by modifying the present plant architecture of rice. This new strain of rice may grow 6-8 feet tall, withstand flooding condition for longer duration and has potential yield of 15 ton/hectare, 4 time the world average production of 4 ton/hectare.
Flood tolerant rice lines are available, can be introduced in China and these lines could be converted into flood tolerant hybrid rice that can be grown in all flood prone areas of the world.
The total cost of the project will be US$ 1.00 million. Two independent research facilities will be established both in China (CNRRI) and in Pakistan (Hazara University). Both the Institutions will work for the development and introduction of flood tolerant rice into the flood affected areas of both the countries. By growing Flood tolerant rice in the world there will be economic benefit of US$ 1.00 billion per year. The potential markets for this technology is Philippines, Thailand, China, Vietnam, Indonesia, India and Pakistan.
The project is open for all the state-owned, state-supported and private entities. The government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa will facilitate investors for interaction with relevant agencies and is committed to partner with the investor by providing all basic infrastructure in execution of project.
The investors friendly security situation already prevails in the province.